Water and environmental management offers a multi-disciplinary understanding of water resources and environmental issues. Although the science of water management has experienced significant improvements over the past century, many issues still require the attention of the scientific community.
Water bodies are ecological, culturally and economically important ecosystems which provide many valuable services to mankind. However, as climate change and human activities intensify (e.g., global warming, land use and cover changes, population explosion, nutrient and organic matter loading, water conservation projects and other anthropogenic factors), water quantity, water quality, ecosystem health and services are differently challenged.
Thus, multidisciplinary research, reliable monitoring and modeling of various water bodies are essential for sustainable water use and improvement of water resources management practice.
Importance of water for the environment
Most of the world’s surface and groundwater systems have been modified from their natural state.
Water abstractions of any volume have an impact on the health of a system and so have the potential
to compromise natural assets and ecosystem processes. Acknowledging that human influence is so
pervasive and has had such significant impacts on rivers, lakes, wetlands, estuaries and aquifers on every
continent, what then do we mean by ‘water for the environment’ and why is it important?